The main uses of flat steel are as follows. First, flat steel is used as a raw material for processing steel plates, which is convenient for transportation, takes up a small space, and can save transportation costs. Second, A537 Class 2 strucutural carbon steel flat steel can be used as raw material for processing welded pipes. Flat steel can be a finished steel product, or it can be used as a billet for welded pipes and thin slabs for stacked sheets. Third, flat steel can be directly used as a steel structure. As a finished material, flat steel can be used for making hoop iron, tools and mechanical parts, and used as building frame structure and escalator in construction. Fourth, the flat steel has a smooth surface and a certain degree of beauty.
Although A537 Class 2 strucutural carbon steel, low carbon steel has excellent plasticity, toughness and processing technology, its strength is low and its corrosion resistance is not strong enough. On the basis of ordinary low carbon steel, the low alloy structural steel with high strength, high toughness, good weldability and corrosion resistance can be obtained by adding a small amount of alloy elements and the total amount is less than 3%. Manganese is the main additive element in this kind of steel, and its content is about 1% ~ 1.6%.
Steel production and rolling technology and equipment also pursue the continuity between processes, such as the continuous A537 Class 2 strucutural carbon steel process between continuous casting and rolling mills, continuous casting slabs hot transfer hot charging, increased direct rolling, and continuous cold rolling processes. The development of controlled rolling and controlled cooling technology that combines rolling and heat treatment has played a huge role in improving the properties of rolled materials.